Que : 1 . Answer questions based on the English passage
The middle Ages is a period in European history from about the 400s to 1400 A.D. During these years, also known as the Medieval period, Europe evolved from ancient to modern times. This gradual changes began when the roman Empire collapsed in Western Europe during the 400s. Many people believe that after this collapse culture and society declined. The Middle Ages is sometimes called the Dark Ages because of this belief. In fact, the Middle Ages was a time of great activity. The Roman Empire was divided into many smaller kingdoms. Most kings had little control over their kingdoms. As a result, hundreds of vassals with titles like prince, duke, and count became independent rulers of their own land. Their territories were known as fiefs. They ruled like kings through a form of government known as feudalism. Under feudalism, a king gave a fief in return for a vassals loyalty and service. The vassal promised to protect the king and fight in his army as a knight.
The vassal, in turn, would give part of his fief to people who promised to serve and protect him. The feudal system of government created two main classes of people. The ruling class governed the peasants and engaged in the fighting. The peasants or serfs worked the land to support themselves and their rulers. There was also a third group of people, the clergy, which served the Church. The Church was the main force that kept Europe together during the Middle Ages. Church leaders took over many functions of government after the Roman Empire collapsed. Most Europeans were Christain. The Church had great power over its people. It was very wealthy and owned a lot of land. It provided education and encouraged literacy. It also administered justice and created hospitals for the sick.
1. The fall of Roman Empire in European history :